Laser surgery is sometimes used to destroy cervical cancer cells. Its high-energy light beam can target and cut out abnormal cells from the skin of the cervix with high precision. Laser surgery is used as a treatment for pre-invasive cervical cancer only or extensive genital warts (condyloma) on the vulvar areas. A laser may also be used as a cutting instrument in laparoscopic surgery.
Because lasers are expensive, they are usually used in a hospital. Other techniques for treating abnormal cervical cells or dysplasia, including LEEP (loop electrosurgical excision procedure) and cryotherapy may be performed in the office.